Iron Man, American comic book superhero, a mainstay of Marvel Comics, who first appeared in 1963 in Tales of Suspense no. 39. His invention is officially credited to four people: author and editor Stan Lee, who plotted the initial story; his brother Larry Lieber, who scripted it; artist Don Heck, who drew it; and Jack Kirby, who designed Iron Man's authentic armored battleship. Iron Man has appeared as the star of his own comic book series, as a regular guest at other popular comics (most notably from the The Avengers), in animated movies and television series, also in live-action motion movies.
When Stark was crushed into a coma during the second Civil War event (2016), the Iron Man character was assumed by Rick Williams, a dazzling African American adolescent who'd reverse engineered an Iron Man suit. She adopted the name Ironheart that was crime-fighting. Another version of Iron Man was among the original members of the title team in The Ultimates, a series about the Avengers' counterparts at a parallel universe, and he was featured in 2 Ultimate Iron Man comics miniseries (2005--06 and 2007--08), written by science-fiction author Orson Scott Card.
Animated versions of Iron Man have appeared on television in The Marvel Super Heroes (1966), Iron Man (1994--96), Iron Man: Armored Adventures (2008--12), and The Super Hero Squad Show (2009--11), as well as from the direct-to-video animated movies Ultimate Avengers (2006) and The Invincible Iron Man (2007). Marvel Studios and Paramount published the live-action Iron Man in 2008. The movie, an enormous commercial and critical success, was led by Jon Favreau and starred Robert Downey, Jr., who proved adept at catching Tony Stark's character, brilliance, and charisma. Favreau and Downey returned to the sequel Iron Man 2 (2010).
Downey became a mainstay of the Marvel Cinematic Universe, reprising his character for The Avengers (2012), Iron Man 3 (2013), Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), Captain America: Civil War (2016), Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017), and Avengers: Infinity War (2018).